Publication Ethics

Editorial Boards of the journal behaves in accordance with the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). By submitting an article for publication, the author also confirms that he adheres to the following provisions of the publication ethics.

► Publication Decision. Confidentiality. Conflict of interest.   

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Editorial board evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript.

► Duties of Authors.
The revealed violations of the authors’ publication ethics may entail the use by the editorial board of measures to eliminate violations up to the retraction of articles.

Standard of article submission.
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Citation and plagiarism.

Authors should ensure that they represent completely independent work. If it uses results or quotes from other works, they should be provided with accurate references. The publication in the journal of plagiarism is unacceptable. Plagiarism is meant the use of ideas, methods and results of another author without his permission. Authors should not use verbatim or near verbatim copying text and research results presented in the works of another author. Self-plagiarism (or a duplicate publication) is not allowed – the copying of a previously published work or part of the author without the permission of the publication in which it was published. The repetition of one or two sentences from a previously published article by the same author is not a duplicate publication. Any literal quoting from previously published works should be placed in quotation marks.

Originality of the article.
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Author’s collective.
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

► Duties of Reviewers.
Conflict of interest.
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Review standard.

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.  Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

If it is necessary to discuss the article with third parties in the framework of a scientific consultation, the reviewer is obliged to notify the editorial office thereof. The reviewer should not transfer the review or article to third parties without the consent of the publisher.

It is not allowed for the reviewer to use the information, data, theory or interpretations presented in the manuscript in his works until the publication of the article and without author’s permission.

The reviewer is obliged to justify his conclusions and evaluate all the main aspects of the article.

Retraction of articles.
If the editorial board receives information that the article published in the journal contains plagiarism or is a duplicate publication, and if the publication of the submitted data contradicts the legislation of the Russian Federation, the expediency of retraction (recall) of the article is considered. At the same time, the author is sent a written notice describing the violations found. In the printed and electronic versions of the journal, information about the retraction of the article with the indication of the reason is published. The article is withdrawn from all citation bases and electronic resources, where the journal is indexing.